For Further Reference
THE THREE WEEKS & TISHA B ’AV 5781: Rabbi Jonathan Sacks, Ceremony & Celebration — THE PERIOD known as the Three Weeks (also known in Hebrew as Bein ha-Metzarim – “Between the Straits/days of distress”) is the saddest period in the Jewish calendar. Customs of mourning are observed during this time to commemorate the destruction of the First and Second Temples.
Interpreting 4 Ezra and 2 Baruch: International Studies: Carla Sulzbach, Gabriele Boccaccini and Jason M. Zurawski, eds. London: Bloomsbury, 2014 – 2 Baruch and 4 Ezra date to the same era (late first to early mid-second century, preceding the Bar Kokhba rebellion of the 130s) and respond to the same catastrophe (destruction of the second temple).
WATCH: Tisha B’Av and the Miracle of Jewish Memory: Rabbi Meir Soloveitchik, Sacred Time, Eps. 12, Tikvah.
2,000-Year-Old ‘Freedom To Zion’ Coins Found In Biblical Heartland: Rossella Tercatin, Jerusalem Post, July 13, 2021 — Two coins dating back some 2,000 years were found in the Binyamin region of the West Bank during an archaeological survey conducted by Bar-Ilan University, the university and the Binyamin Regional Council announced Tuesday.
WATCH: The Arch of Titus Project: Yeshiva University — The Arch of Titus Project is a multi-faceted exploration of the Arch of Titus, a triumphal arch built in Rome to commemorate the victory of the Roman general, later emperor, Titus, in the Jewish War of 66-74 CE. One of the most significant Roman artifacts to have survived, the Arch of Titus has been of continuing significance for both Jews and Christians for nearly two millennia. The image of the seven-branched menorah that appears on the Arch is now symbol of the State of Israel.